AOKP vs. CyanogenMod 10.1

##Similarities between both the ROMs

  • Both are based on the latest version of Android
  • The ability to customize Quick Settings
  • T9 Dialer with Call Statistics
  • Stock AOSP browser
  • Stock Messaging App with expandable notifications
  • LED Notification Control (Like Light Flow)
  • Theme Chooser
  • Custom Brightness control
  • Volume Rocker Wake
  • Volume Rocker Music Control
  • Ability to disable IME switcher
  • Battery % in the status bar 在状态栏显示电量百分比
  • Advanced Sound panel
  • Advanced Power Menu
  • Expanded Desktop mode
  • Improved Camera app with features like voice control
  • Quiet Hours
  • Recents RAM Bar
  • Notification bar widgets
  • Quick Launch Shortcuts
  • Lock Screen Shortcuts
  • The ability to always keep lock screen widgets in maximized states
  • Vibration when a call is picked/on call waiting/call is disconnected

##CyanogenMod 10.1 Pros

  • Inbuilt OTA updater (Not Delta though)
  • Stock Android with just the right amount of customizable options to attract new users
  • Comes pre-installed with a beautiful lock screen widget – cLock
  • In-built Profiles support
  • Comes with a limited version of Pie Controls as seen on Paranoid Android
  • The ability to disable Root access to apps or over adb temporarily
  • Daily nightly builds that are much more stable than even AOKP’s Builds

The customization options in AOKP ROM are just insane. Please take a deep breath before reading the list below.

  • Lock screen ribbon
  • AOKP Ribbon – An Ubuntu Mobile like sidebar that you can swipe from the corner of the screen to get quick access to your favorite apps. You can even directly access all the apps installed on your phone via this, thus providing the ability to use your phone without a launcher.
  • While even CM10.1 has lock screen shortcuts, AOKP ROM allows for more shortcuts (5 vs. 7). The same is true for Quick launch shortcuts (3 vs. 5).
  • Navigator bar customization – You can add a shortcut on the navigation bar like on CM10.1, but AOKP ROM allows for far more control over what you want to do. It also allows you to set shortcuts on long pressing of a key on the navigation bar 导航栏自定义化
  • The ability to re-size the navigation bar
  • The ability to auto-hide the navigation bar after a certain period of inactivity
  • Ability to change the navigation bar icons
  • Navigation bar widgets
  • While CM10.1 also allows you to customize Quick Settings, AOKP allows much more customization options
  • Dual Panel (Tablet UI) mode for the navigation bar
  • Dual panel mode for certain inbuilt apps
  • Notification bar ribbon and widgets
  • Ability to display the battery status as a small bar on the navigation bar
  • Custom notification background
  • Custom boot animation
  • Custom vibrations for each app or contact
  • The ability to make the Status bar and navigation bar transparent 状态栏和导航栏透明
  • Ability to set custom toggles in Quick Settings
  • Permissions Management
  • Ability to put the Status bar clock in the Center
  • Ability to set long press actions to items in the Quick Settings menu
  • Swagger
  • Phew! That’s not all though. There are a lot of other customization options that AOKP has, which I have not listed above. If the above options don’t convince you, I doubt the rest will. However, the ROM does have a few cons that are listed below. AOKP Cons

Nightly builds can be a bit unstable, but then they are nightly builds. However, for some people this can be a deal breaker

  • No in-built Pie Launcher or any other similar implementation
  • No Profiles feature
  • Limited device support
  • No central download center for nightly and milestone releases


If after reading the above post, you are still confused, I would suggest you to simply try out both the ROMs. Also, keep in mind that the pros of one ROM automatically becomes the cons of another, and vice-versa. There is no difference in battery life between both the ROMs, since both the ROMs are generally based on a slightly modified stock kernel.

However, users may slight performance difference between both the ROMs on the same device. Ideally, there should not really be any performance difference between both the ROMs, since AOKP is based on CyanogenMod’s device tree. From the above comparison, it should be quite clear that the CyanogenMod team is no longer in the race to offer the most customizable custom ROM.

Instead, their goal is now to offer a ROM that behaves and looks like stock, but comes with some basic customization options. On the other hand, one of main goals of AOKP ROM is to offer its users the ability to customize each and every aspect of the Android OS running on their device.

2013-09-11 AOKP , CyanogenMod


固态硬盘(Solid State Disk、Solid State Drive,简称SSD)是一种以存储器作为永久性存储器的计算机存储设备。 虽然SSD已不是使用“碟”来记存数据,而是使用NAND Flash,但是人们依照命名习惯,仍然称为固态硬盘(Solid-State Disk)或固态驱动器(Solid-State Drive)。当然,SSD内也没有用来驱动(Drive)旋转的马达。

由于固态硬盘技术与传统硬盘技术不同,所以产生了不少新兴的存储器厂商。厂商只需使用闪存(NAND),再配合适当的控制芯片,就可以制造固态硬盘了。新一代的固态硬盘普遍采用SATA-3接口. 1



  • 启动快。
  • 快速随机读取,读取延迟小。
  • 写入速度更快。
  • 无噪音,功耗和发热相对较低。
  • 不怕碰撞和冲击,无论任何的安装位置甚至悬空都不影响性能。
  • 体积更小,重量很轻。






SATA是Serial ATA的缩写,即串行ATA。看维基知道,SATA接口是用来取代IDE接口的.SATA接口目前有三代 3

  • SATA 1.5Gb/s
  • SATA 3.0Gb/s
  • SATA 6.0Gb/s



mSATA (mini-SATA)是迷你版本SATA接口

2013-08-20 SSD , Knowledge



##Google Nose Google灵鼻子 Google Nose是一款能够告诉你气味的产品,在Google搜索中搜索关键词,在右边就会显示出闻一闻


气味扑鼻:在打字、说话和触摸的基础上,新增一种感官体验。 您的互联网侍酒师:专家精心设计的知识面板,配有图片、说明和气味介绍。 左闻右嗅:Google 百味库由超过 1500 万个气味字节组成。 不闻不问:如果您不希望查询中出现某些内容,请启用安全搜索功能。


Google 灵鼻子Beta将新技术与现有技术相结合,可提供最敏锐的嗅觉体验: 街味嗅闻汽车已经嗅遍了数百万英里的空气,并将它们编入了索引。 Android 周边气味检测工具可通过全世界最敏感的移动操作系统收集气味。 SMELLCD™ 1.8+ 具有很高的分辨率,能精确地控制气味并将气味散播开来。

Link Link

##Google Maps藏宝图 Google的街景拍摄团队在拍摄时偶然在海底发现一箱藏宝图

##Gmail Blue Everything is Blue

##Google+Photo Emotion


##Google Schmick

##Google Fiber Poles

##Google Apps提供Levity Algorithm

##Google Analytics提供来自国际空间站的访客信息

##Google 日语输入法发布

##Google Wallet Mobile ATM Google Wallet Mobile ATM 帮你随时随地从手机里获得现金 Link

2013-04-02 Google , 愚人节 , Web

Jekyll Introduction

This Jekyll introduction will outline specifically what Jekyll is and why you would want to use it. Directly following the intro we’ll learn exactly how Jekyll does what it does.


What is Jekyll?

Jekyll is a parsing engine bundled as a ruby gem used to build static websites from dynamic components such as templates, partials, liquid code, markdown, etc. Jekyll is known as “a simple, blog aware, static site generator”.


This website is created with Jekyll. Other Jekyll websites.

What does Jekyll Do?

Jekyll is a ruby gem you install on your local system. Once there you can call jekyll --server on a directory and provided that directory is setup in a way jekyll expects, it will do magic stuff like parse markdown/textile files, compute categories, tags, permalinks, and construct your pages from layout templates and partials.

Once parsed, Jekyll stores the result in a self-contained static _site folder. The intention here is that you can serve all contents in this folder statically from a plain static web-server.

You can think of Jekyll as a normalish dynamic blog but rather than parsing content, templates, and tags on each request, Jekyll does this once beforehand and caches the entire website in a folder for serving statically.

Jekyll is Not Blogging Software

Jekyll is a parsing engine.

Jekyll does not come with any content nor does it have any templates or design elements. This is a common source of confusion when getting started. Jekyll does not come with anything you actually use or see on your website - you have to make it.

Why Should I Care?

Jekyll is very minimalistic and very efficient. The most important thing to realize about Jekyll is that it creates a static representation of your website requiring only a static web-server. Traditional dynamic blogs like Wordpress require a database and server-side code. Heavily trafficked dynamic blogs must employ a caching layer that ultimately performs the same job Jekyll sets out to do; serve static content.

Therefore if you like to keep things simple and you prefer the command-line over an admin panel UI then give Jekyll a try.

Developers like Jekyll because we can write content like we write code:

  • Ability to write content in markdown or textile in your favorite text-editor.
  • Ability to write and preview your content via localhost.
  • No internet connection required.
  • Ability to publish via git.
  • Ability to host your blog on a static web-server.
  • Ability to host freely on GitHub Pages.
  • No database required.

How Jekyll Works

The following is a complete but concise outline of exactly how Jekyll works.

Be aware that core concepts are introduced in rapid succession without code examples. This information is not intended to specifically teach you how to do anything, rather it is intended to give you the full picture relative to what is going on in Jekyll-world.

Learning these core concepts should help you avoid common frustrations and ultimately help you better understand the code examples contained throughout Jekyll-Bootstrap.

Initial Setup

After installing jekyll you’ll need to format your website directory in a way jekyll expects. Jekyll-bootstrap conveniently provides the base directory format.

The Jekyll Application Base Format

Jekyll expects your website directory to be laid out like so:

|-- _config.yml
|-- _includes
|-- _layouts
|   |-- default.html
|   |-- post.html
|-- _posts
|   |-- 2011-10-25-open-source-is-good.markdown
|   |-- 2011-04-26-hello-world.markdown
|-- _site
|-- index.html
|-- assets
    |-- css
        |-- style.css
    |-- javascripts
  • _config.yml Stores configuration data.

  • _includes This folder is for partial views.

  • _layouts This folder is for the main templates your content will be inserted into. You can have different layouts for different pages or page sections.

  • _posts This folder contains your dynamic content/posts. the naming format is required to be @YEAR-MONTH-DATE-title.MARKUP@.

  • _site This is where the generated site will be placed once Jekyll is done transforming it.

  • assets This folder is not part of the standard jekyll structure. The assets folder represents any generic folder you happen to create in your root directory. Directories and files not properly formatted for jekyll will be left untouched for you to serve normally.

(read more:

Jekyll Configuration

Jekyll supports various configuration options that are fully outlined here: (

Content in Jekyll

Content in Jekyll is either a post or a page. These content “objects” get inserted into one or more templates to build the final output for its respective static-page.

Posts and Pages

Both posts and pages should be written in markdown, textile, or HTML and may also contain Liquid templating syntax. Both posts and pages can have meta-data assigned on a per-page basis such as title, url path, as well as arbitrary custom meta-data.

Working With Posts

Creating a Post Posts are created by properly formatting a file and placing it the _posts folder.

Formatting A post must have a valid filename in the form YEAR-MONTH-DATE-title.MARKUP and be placed in the _posts directory. If the data format is invalid Jekyll will not recognize the file as a post. The date and title are automatically parsed from the filename of the post file. Additionally, each file must have YAML Front-Matter prepended to its content. YAML Front-Matter is a valid YAML syntax specifying meta-data for the given file.

Order Ordering is an important part of Jekyll but it is hard to specify a custom ordering strategy. Only reverse chronological and chronological ordering is supported in Jekyll.

Since the date is hard-coded into the filename format, to change the order, you must change the dates in the filenames.

Tags Posts can have tags associated with them as part of their meta-data. Tags may be placed on posts by providing them in the post’s YAML front matter. You have access to the post-specific tags in the templates. These tags also get added to the sitewide collection.

Categories Posts may be categorized by providing one or more categories in the YAML front matter. Categories offer more significance over tags in that they can be reflected in the URL path to the given post. Note categories in Jekyll work in a specific way. If you define more than one category you are defining a category hierarchy “set”. Example:

title :  Hello World
categories : [lessons, beginner]

This defines the category hierarchy “lessons/beginner”. Note this is one category node in Jekyll. You won’t find “lessons” and “beginner” as two separate categories unless you define them elsewhere as singular categories.

Working With Pages

Creating a Page Pages are created by properly formatting a file and placing it anywhere in the root directory or subdirectories that do not start with an underscore.

Formatting In order to register as a Jekyll page the file must contain YAML Front-Matter. Registering a page means 1) that Jekyll will process the page and 2) that the page object will be available in the site.pages array for inclusion into your templates.

Categories and Tags Pages do not compute categories nor tags so defining them will have no effect.

Sub-Directories If pages are defined in sub-directories, the path to the page will be reflected in the url. Example:

|-- people
    |-- bob
        |-- essay.html

This page will be available at

Recommended Pages

  • index.html You will always want to define the root index.html page as this will display on your root URL.
  • 404.html Create a root 404.html page and GitHub Pages will serve it as your 404 response.
  • sitemap.html Generating a sitemap is good practice for SEO.
  • about.html A nice about page is easy to do and gives the human perspective to your website.

Templates in Jekyll

Templates are used to contain a page’s or post’s content. All templates have access to a global site object variable: site as well as a page object variable: page. The site variable holds all accessible content and metadata relative to the site. The page variable holds accessible data for the given page or post being rendered at that point.

Create a Template Templates are created by properly formatting a file and placing it in the _layouts directory.

Formatting Templates should be coded in HTML and contain YAML Front Matter. All templates can contain Liquid code to work with your site’s data.

Rending Page/Post Content in a Template There is a special variable in all templates named : content. The content variable holds the page/post content including any sub-template content previously defined. Render the content variable wherever you want your main content to be injected into your template:

  <div id="sidebar"> ... </div>
  <div id="main">


Sub-templates are exactly templates with the only difference being they define another “root” layout/template within their YAML Front Matter. This essentially means a template will render inside of another template.


In Jekyll you can define include files by placing them in the _includes folder. Includes are NOT templates, rather they are just code snippets that get included into templates. In this way, you can treat the code inside includes as if it was native to the parent template.

Any valid template code may be used in includes.

Using Liquid for Templating

Templating is perhaps the most confusing and frustrating part of Jekyll. This is mainly due to the fact that Jekyll templates must use the Liquid Templating Language.

What is Liquid?

Liquid is a secure templating language developed by Shopify. Liquid is designed for end-users to be able to execute logic within template files without imposing any security risk on the hosting server.

Jekyll uses Liquid to generate the post content within the final page layout structure and as the primary interface for working with your site and post/page data.

Why Do We Have to Use Liquid?

GitHub uses Jekyll to power GitHub Pages. GitHub cannot afford to run arbitrary code on their servers so they lock developers down via Liquid.

Liquid is Not Programmer-Friendly.

The short story is liquid is not real code and its not intended to execute real code. The point being you can’t do jackshit in liquid that hasn’t been allowed explicitly by the implementation. What’s more you can only access data-structures that have been explicitly passed to the template.

In Jekyll’s case it is not possible to alter what is passed to Liquid without hacking the gem or running custom plugins. Both of which cannot be supported by GitHub Pages.

As a programmer - this is very frustrating.

But rather than look a gift horse in the mouth we are going to suck it up and view it as an opportunity to work around limitations and adopt client-side solutions when possible.

Aside My personal stance is to not invest time trying to hack liquid. It’s really unnecessary from a programmer’s perspective. That is to say if you have the ability to run custom plugins (i.e. run arbitrary ruby code) you are better off sticking with ruby. Toward that end I’ve built Mustache-with-Jekyll

Static Assets

Static assets are any file in the root or non-underscored subfolders that are not pages. That is they have no valid YAML Front Matter and are thus not treated as Jekyll Pages.

Static assets should be used for images, css, and javascript files.

How Jekyll Parses Files

Remember Jekyll is a processing engine. There are two main types of parsing in Jekyll.

  • Content parsing. This is done with textile or markdown.
  • Template parsing. This is done with the liquid templating language.

And thus there are two main types of file formats needed for this parsing.

  • Post and Page files. All content in Jekyll is either a post or a page so valid posts and pages are parsed with markdown or textile.
  • Template files. These files go in _layouts folder and contain your blogs templates. They should be made in HTML with the help of Liquid syntax. Since include files are simply injected into templates they are essentially parsed as if they were native to the template.

Arbitrary files and folders. Files that are not valid pages are treated as static content and pass through Jekyll untouched and reside on your blog in the exact structure and format they originally existed in.

Formatting Files for Parsing.

We’ve outlined the need for valid formatting using YAML Front Matter. Templates, posts, and pages all need to provide valid YAML Front Matter even if the Matter is empty. This is the only way Jekyll knows you want the file processed.

YAML Front Matter must be prepended to the top of template/post/page files:

layout: post
category : pages
tags : [how-to, jekyll]

... contents ...

Three hyphens on a new line start the Front-Matter block and three hyphens on a new line end the block. The data inside the block must be valid YAML.

Configuration parameters for YAML Front-Matter is outlined here: A comprehensive explanation of YAML Front Matter

Defining Layouts for Posts and Templates Parsing.

The layout parameter in the YAML Front Matter defines the template file for which the given post or template should be injected into. If a template file specifies its own layout, it is effectively being used as a sub-template. That is to say loading a post file into a template file that refers to another template file with work in the way you’d expect; as a nested sub-template.

How Jekyll Generates the Final Static Files.

Ultimately, Jekyll’s job is to generate a static representation of your website. The following is an outline of how that’s done:

  1. Jekyll collects data. Jekyll scans the posts directory and collects all posts files as post objects. It then scans the layout assets and collects those and finally scans other directories in search of pages.

  2. Jekyll computes data. Jekyll takes these objects, computes metadata (permalinks, tags, categories, titles, dates) from them and constructs one big site object that holds all the posts, pages, layouts, and respective metadata. At this stage your site is one big computed ruby object.

  3. Jekyll liquifies posts and templates. Next jekyll loops through each post file and converts (through markdown or textile) and liquifies the post inside of its respective layout(s). Once the post is parsed and liquified inside the the proper layout structure, the layout itself is “liquified”. Liquification is defined as follows: Jekyll initiates a Liquid template, and passes a simpler hash representation of the ruby site object as well as a simpler hash representation of the ruby post object. These simplified data structures are what you have access to in the templates.

  4. Jekyll generates output. Finally the liquid templates are “rendered”, thereby processing any liquid syntax provided in the templates and saving the final, static representation of the file.

Notes. Because Jekyll computes the entire site in one fell swoop, each template is given access to a global site hash that contains useful data. It is this data that you’ll iterate through and format using the Liquid tags and filters in order to render it onto a given page.

Remember, in Jekyll you are an end-user. Your API has only two components:

  1. The manner in which you setup your directory.
  2. The liquid syntax and variables passed into the liquid templates.

All the data objects available to you in the templates via Liquid are outlined in the API Section of Jekyll-Bootstrap. You can also read the original documentation here:


I hope this paints a clearer picture of what Jekyll is doing and why it works the way it does. As noted, our main programming constraint is the fact that our API is limited to what is accessible via Liquid and Liquid only.

Jekyll-bootstrap is intended to provide helper methods and strategies aimed at making it more intuitive and easier to work with Jekyll =)

Thank you for reading this far.

Next Steps

Please take a look at or jump right into Usage if you’d like.

2011-12-29 intro , beginner , jekyll , tutorial



  • Openwrt 平均负载 Openwrt 在 Luci 后台很显眼的位置有三个不断刷新的数字,其实这个数字是“平均负载”(Load Average)的意思,这是 Linux 操作系统衡量系统负载和稳定性的重要参数。
  • Openwrt 设置 在上一篇中讲了如何刷Openwrt,这一篇主要讲一些 Openwrt 的东西,以及配置相关的内容。我有一个主路由器,设置分配的局域网地址为 192.168.1.x,给内网中分配的地址也是 192.168.1.x 开头。
  • TP LINK MR12U 刷 openwrt 今天翻箱倒柜竟然找出了我的 TP-LINK MR12U,很早之前因为3G上网卡而买的便携式路由,突然脑袋一热,干嘛不试试刷个 Openwrt 呢。记得当时是没有支持的,但是一搜竟然发现了 Openwrt 有官方支持了。于是开始动手。
  • 使用 Cron 定时重启 Openwrt 路由器 最近了解了一下 Cron,也在 WinNote 上 记录了一些笔记。学习一个新命令最好的方法就是将其用于实践。于是正好在 Openwrt 路由器上跑一下。
  • 整站备份工具 Httrack HTTrack 根据官方的介绍1,是一个易用的离线浏览工具,他允许用户从万维网中离线备份某一个网站,包括建立层叠的目录,HTML,图片,以及其他文件。工具在 GPL 协议下开源。 官方网站 ↩